Instructions to Authors

Scope and Policy

Scope and Policy
THE CEFAC JOURNAL - Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences and Education Journal (Rev. CEFAC.), ISSN 1516-1846, indexed in LILACS, SciELO, BVS, Sumá, Gale, Eletronic Journals Service - Redalyc, ABEC databases,  it is published bimonthly in order to record the scientific literature on topics relevant to Phonoaudiology and related areas. Only original complete papers, preferably in English, but also accepted in Portuguese or Spanish, which neither have been previously published nor that are under review by another journal are accepted for consideration. If approved, the articles (both in a foreign language and in the Portuguese version) must include proof that the translation (foreign language) and correction (Portuguese) were performed by a qualified professional. Initially, the submission may be done in the Portuguese version, but if the article is approved, it is mandatory to send the English version. There can be forwarded: original research articles, review articles, short communications and case reports. When selecting articles for publication, the originality, topic relevance and quality of the scientific methodology used in addition to the adequacy to the standards adopted by the magazine editorials are evaluated. Papers that do not meet the technical requirements as well as the standards for publication will not be accepted for review and in this case the authors will be properly notified so that they are able to prepare the appropriate adjustments to resend for reevaluation. All papers after the initial technical evaluation and approval by the Editorial Board will be forwarded for analysis and evaluation of a minimum of two reviewers (peer review) of recognized competence in the covered subject matter whose anonymity is guaranteed during the judging process. The comments will be compiled and forwarded to the authors so that the suggested changes are done ​​or justified in case of their conservation. After the reviewers’ suggested corrections, the final form of the paper and the response letter commenting peer evaluators' observations should be sent by e-mail in Word file attached to the address Only after the final approval by reviewers and editors, the authors will be informed whether the paper was approved or not and if so the papers go through the procedures for publication. The papers which are not selected will receive notification of the refusal and will not be returned.
The editorial department of the magazine CEFAC reserves the right to modify the text if necessary in order to standardize the technical terms and presentation of the manuscript without modifying the content. Only the CEFAC journal will be able to authorize reproduction of its published articles to other journals. Therefore, authors must request permission in writing to CEFAC Journal to do so.

Submission of Manuscript
The documents should be sent to REVISTA CEFAC – Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences and Education Journal, by e-mail:; address:, attached with a Word document.
The confirm receipt, contacts and any other correspondence should be sent to the Journal by e-mail.

Types of Articles
Original Research Articles are intended for dissemination of new results of scientific research, quantitative or qualitative; constituting complete works. Their formal structure should present the topics: Introdução (Introduction), Métodos (Methods), Resultados (Results), Discussão (Discussion), Conclusão (Conclusion) e Referências (References). Maximum 40 references constituted of 70% of articles published in journals of national and international literature in the last 5 years. It is recommended: use of subtitles, mention of clinical implications and limitations of the study especially in the discussion section. It is suggested, as appropriate, detailing the topic "Methods", informing the approval of the Ethics Committee and the case number, the study design, where it was held, participants, outcomes of interest and intervention. The abstract should be structured with a maximum of 250 words with the following topics: Objetivo (Purpose), Métodos (Methods), Resultados (Results) e Conclusão (Conclusion).

Review Literature Articles are systematic reviews of the literature, providing critical and commented reviews on matters of scientific interest in the field of Phonoaudiology and related areas, they should bring new insights on the subject, pointing flaws in the knowledge on the subject, start new discussions or point paths to be searched, preferably at the invitation of the editors. Their formal structure should present the topics: Introdução (Introduction) que justifique o tema de revisão incluindo o objetivo; Métodos (Methods) as the search strategy (databases, references to other articles, etc.), and details about selection criterion of literature (e.g. in the last 3 years, only articles of case reports on the subject, etc..); Revisão da Literatura (Literature Review) commented with discussion; Conclusão (Conclusion) and Referências (References). Maximum 40 references to articles published in journals of national and international literature preferably in the last 10 years. The abstract should not exceed 250 words and should not be structured.

Brief Communication consists of brief reports of research or professional experience with methodologically appropriate evidence; manuscripts describing new methods or techniques will also be considered. Its formal structure must present the following topics: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Final Thoughts / Conclusions and References. The abstract should not exceed 250 words and contain the following topics: Resumo (Abstract), Objetivo (Purpose), Métodos (Methods), Resultados (Results) and Conclusão/Considerações Finais (Conclusion).

Case Reports report rare or unusual cases particularly interesting that bring new knowledge and treatment techniques or reflections. They must be original and unpublished. Formal structure should present the topics: Introdução (Introduction), succinct and supported in the literature to justify the presentation of the clinical case; Apresentação do Caso (Case Report), description of the history, procedures and treatments; Resultados (Results), showing clearly the evolution obtained; Discussão (Discussion) sustained;  Conclusão/ Considerações Finais (Conclusion/Final Considerations) and Referências (References), relevant to the report. Maximum of 30 references with articles published in journals of national and international literature in the last 5 years. The abstract should not exceed 250 words and should not be structured.

The journal’s standards are based on the proposed format by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and published in the article: Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals, February 2006’s version and available at: The CEFAC Journal supports policies for registration of clinical trials of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), recognizing the importance of such initiatives for the registration and international dissemination of information on clinical trials in opened access. A clinical trial is any study that prospectively assigns human beings to intervention groups or comparison to evaluate the relationship of cause and effect between a medical intervention and a health outcome. Clinical trials should be registered in one of the following records:

Australian Clinical Trials Registry
Clinical Trials
ISRCTN Register
Nederlands Trial Register
Authors are encouraged to consult the relevant guidelines to their specific research design. For reports of randomized controlled trials, authors may consult the CONSORT recommendations

a) Word documents, page format A4 (212 x 297mm), typed single-spaced, Arial font, size 12, top, bottom, right and left 2.5 cm, with pages numbered in Arabic numerals, following: title page, abstract, keywords, abstract, keywords, text, acknowledgments, references, tables or figures with their legends.
The manuscript should be up to 15 pages, typed single spaced (from the introduction to the references), maximum of 10 tables (or figures). Graphics, photographs and illustrations are characterized as figures. Questionnaires may come as Annex and must necessarily be in frame format.
b) permission for the reproduction of photographic material by the patient or another author when taken from his work, attaching a copy of "Informed Consent", stating approval for use of images in scientific journals.
c) approval of the Ethics Committee (CEP), when referring to human research. It is mandatory to show the number of protocol approval from the Ethics Committee of the institution where the research was conducted, as well as information regarding the signing of the "Statement of Consent" by all those involved or their guardians (Resolution MS / CNS / PNES No 196/96 of 10 October 1996).
d) letter signed by every authors in the Responsability Term which states the originality of the work as well as responsibility for the submitted ensuring that the article was never published or sent to another journal, reserving the exclusive right to the CEFAC Journal and authorizing possible modifications of the submitted text to fit the magazine format, preserving its contents. The lack of signature will be interpreted as disinterest or disapproval of publication, determining the exclusion of the name of the person from the list of authors. Everybody designated as authors should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for its content. Authorship credit should be based only on: 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, data collection or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) writing the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and 3) the final approval of the version to be published.
Editors may request justifications when the author’s total exceeds eight authors. There will not be allowed the inclusion of a new author after receiving the first revision made by the reviewers.


We (author(s)’(s) name(s) followed by RG and CPF) take responsibility for the content and authenticity of the work entitled ______________________ and declare that the article has never been published or submitted to another journal, and we give CEFAC Journal the exclusive right about marketing, editing and publishing either print or online on the Internet. We allow publishers to undertake suitability of form, preserving content.

Date, Signature of every author



1. Identification Page must have a) title of the manuscript in Portuguese (or Spanish) and English, which must be concise but informative; b) summarized title with up to 40 characters, including spaces, in Portuguese, English or Spanish; c) full name of the numbered authors, as well as their profession, position, academic or institutional affiliation and highest academic degree, an acronym of the institution, city, state and country, d) name, full address, fax and e-mail from the lead author to whom correspondence will be sent, e) indicate the area: Language, Orofacial Motricity, Speech, Audiology, Health, Dysphagia, School Phonoaudiology, General Phonoaudiology and Issues from Related Areas to which the article relates f) identify the type of manuscript: original article research, literature review article, brief communications, case reports; g) mention sources of grants for research or work-related funding indication as well as conflict of interest (if there is none type nonexistent).

In short:
Title of the manuscript: Portuguese or Spanish and English.
Summarized title: up to 40 characters in Portuguese, Spanish or English.
Lead Author (1), First Co-Author (2) ...
(1) profession, position, academic or institutional affiliation, an acronym of the Institution, City, State, Country; highest academic degree.
(2) profession, position, academic or institutional affiliation, an acronym of the Institution, City, State, Country; highest academic degree.
Name, address, telephone, fax and e-mail of the corresponding author.
Type of manuscript:
Conflict of Interest:


2. Abstract and Keywords: the second page should contain the abstract, in Portuguese (or Spanish) and English, with a maximum of 250 words. It should be structured according to the type of work described above, in Portuguese and English. The abstract is to provide a clear view of the main parts of the work, highlighting the most significant data, new aspects of the content and conclusions of the work. Symbols, formulas, equations and abbreviations should not be used.
After the summary / abstract, specify the descriptors / keywords that define the idea of the work: at least three and at most six. The descriptors should be based on DeCS (Descriptors in Health Sciences) published by Bireme, which is a translation of the MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) from the National Library of Medicine and available at the website:, followed by: health terminology - DeCS consultation, or directly at: The exact descriptors should always be used.
In the case of clinical trials, the summary below indicates the number of record in the database of Clinical Trials (

3. Text: must follow the required structure for each type of article. Abbreviations should be avoided. When necessary the use of acronyms, they must be preceded by that term in its entirety on their first appearance in the text. Papers must be referenced in the text in sequential numerical order, with Arabic numerals, subscript, avoiding indicate the name of the authors.
The Introduction should contain data that direct the reader to the subject, clearly and concisely, and objectives should be clearly stated in the last paragraph of the Introduction. For example: The goal(s) of this research was (were) ....
The method must be fully described. The first paragraph should start by the project approval by the Ethics in Research - Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa (CEP) with its protocol number. The criteria for inclusion and exclusion must be specified in each case. The procedures should be clearly described so as to enable replica of work or full understanding of what was done and how. Relevant protocols to understanding the method should be incorporated into the methodology at the end of this item and not as an attachment and it must include the theoretical assumption the research was based (adapted protocol from authors whose work was based in whole or partly, etc.).. In the last paragraph it should state the type of statistical analysis, describing the used tests and the value which was considered significant. In case a hypothesis test has not been used, specify how the results will be presented.
Results can be displayed in a descriptive way, by tables and figures (graphs, charts, photographs and illustrations are called figures) choosing those that are the most convenient. We request that the presented data are not repeated in graphics or text.

4. Footnotes: there should be no footnotes. If the information is important for understanding or reproduction of the study, it must be included in the article.

5. Thanks: include collaborations of people who deserve recognition but not enough to be included as authors; thanks for financial support, technical assistance, among others.

6. References: the presentation should be based on a format called “Vancouver Style”, as the examples below, and the titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style presented by List of Journal Indexed in Index Medicus, da National Library of Medicine and available at:
They should be numbered consecutively in the same order in which they appear in the text and identified with superscript Arabic numerals. If sequential, they must be separated by a hyphen. If random, the separation must be done by commas.
Reference to the author(s) is done by their surname, the first letter is capitalized, then the name(s) is (are) abbreviated and no period.
For all references, list all authors up to six. If there are more than six, list the first six followed by et al.
Personal communications, unpublished or ongoing studies can be cited when absolutely necessary, but should not be included in the list of references being mentioned in the text only.

Journal Articles
Author(s) of the article. Title of the article. Journal title abbreviated. Date, year of publication, volume (number): first page-end of the article.
E.g.: Shriberg LD, Flipsen PJ, Thielke H, Kwiatkowski J, Kertoy MK, Katcher ML et al. Risk for speech disorder associated with early recurrent otitis media with effusions: two retrospective studies. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2000;43(1):79-99.
Note: When the consulted article pages present matching numbers, eliminate the equal digits. Ex: instead of p. 320-329; use 320-9.
E.g.: Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002Jul;25(4):284-7.
Lack of Author
Title of the article. abbreviated Journal title. Year of publication, volume (number): first page-end of the article.
E.g.: Combating undernutrition in the Third World. Lancet.1988;1(8581):334-6.
No Author

Book’s Author(s). Book’s title. Edition. City of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.
E.g.: Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.

Book Chapters
Author(s) of the chapter. Title of the chapter. "In": author(s)’(s) name(s) or editor (s). Title of book. Edition. City of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Home-end of the chapter.
E.g.: Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
Notes: When identifying the city of publication, its state or province may also be added in parentheses. Ex: Berkeley (CA), and in the case of country can be added in full. Ex: Adelaide (Australia).
If it’s the first edition of the book, there is no need to identify it. The indication of the edition number will be in accordance with the abbreviation in English. Ex: 4th ed.

Annals of Congress
Author(s) of the paper. Paper’s title. Title, date and location of the event. City of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.
E.g.: Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.

Papers presented at conferences
Author(s) of the paper. Title of the presented paper. "In": responsible editor(s) for the event (if any). Event Title: Proceedings of the Proceedings or event title from the Annals, event date, event location. City of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Starting to ending page of the paper.
E.g.: Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza’s computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.

Dissertation, Thesis and Undergraduate thesis
Author. Title of the paper [type of document]. Institution city (state): institution; Year's defense thesis.
E.g.: Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.
E.g.: TannouriI AJR, Silveira PG. Campanha de prevenção do AVC: doença carotídea extracerebral na população da grande Florianópolis [trabalho de conclusão de curso]. Florianópolis (SC): Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Curso de Medicina. Departamento de Clínica Médica; 2005.
E.g.: Cantarelli A. Língua: que órgão é este? [monografia]. São Paulo (SP): CEFAC – Saúde e Educação; 1998.

Unpublished Material (in press)
Author(s) of the article. Title of the article. Abbreviated journal title. Indicate in press and probable year of publication after acceptance.
E.g.: Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. No prelo 2002.

Audiovisual Material
Author(s). Material’s title [type of material]. City of publication: Publisher, year.
E.g.: Marchesan IQ. Deglutição atípica ou adaptada? [Fita de vídeo]. São Paulo (SP): Pró-Fono Departamento Editorial; 1995. [Curso em Vídeo].

Electronic documents
ASHA: American Speech and Hearing Association. Otitis media, hearing and language development. [cited 2003 Aug 29]. Available from:

Journal article in Electronic Format
Article’s Author(s). Title of the article. Abbreviated journal title [on the Internet]. Date of publication [access date with the term "access in"]; volume (number): [Approximate number of pages]. Site address after the phrase "Available from:".
E.g.: Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12]; 102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from:

Monograph on the Internet
Author(s). Title [monograph on the Internet]. City of publication: Publisher, date of publication [access date with the term "access in"]. Website address with the phrase "Available from:".
E.g.: Foley KM, Gelband H, editores. Improving palliative care for cancer [monografia na Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [acesso em 2002 Jul 9]. Disponível em:

Cd-Rom, DVD, Floppy
Author (s). Title [type of material]. City of publication: Producer; year.
E.g.: Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson’s electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

Author(s) of the homepage (if any). Homepage title [homepage on the Internet]. City: institution, date (s) of record * [date of last update with the words "updated on"; access date with the term "access"]. Website address with the phrase "Available from:".
E.g.: [homepage na Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [atualizada em 2002 May 16; acesso em 2002 Jul 9]. Disponível em:

Databases on the Internet
Author(s) of the database (if any). Title [database on the Internet]. City: Institution. Date (s) of the entry [date of last update with the words "updated on" (if any), date of access with the term "access"]. Website address with the phrase "Available from:".
E.g.: Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congential Anomaly/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) Syndromes [base de dados na Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). 1999 [atualizada em 2001 Nov 20; acesso em 2002 Aug 12]. Disponível em:

7. Tabelas: each table should be submitted on a separate page after the references. They should be self-explanatory, dismissing queries to text or other tables and numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals in order they are cited in the text. They should contain the title at the top in capital letters without period, aligned with the left edge of the table, after indicating the table number. Below each table, in alignment with the title, the caption must be included, statistical tests (test name and the value of p), and the source from which the information was taken (when they are not from the own author). The design should be simple in bold letters on the top, bottom and division lines between the header and content. No vertical lines should be drawn outside, because they do not constitute frames and tables

8. Figures (graphs, photographs, illustrations): Each figure should be submitted on a separate sheet after the references. They should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals in the order they are cited in the text. Captions should be presented clearly and described under the figures, out of its frame. On the use of statistical tests, describe the name of the test, the p value, and the source from where the information was taken (when they are not from the author himself). Graphs should preferably be presented in the form of columns. In the case of photos, indicate details with arrows, letters, numbers and symbols which should be clear and large enough to accommodate reduction. They must be in JPG format (Graphics Interchange Format) or TIF (Tagged Image File Formatt), high resolution (minimum 300 dpi) so that they can be reproduced. Reproductions of already published illustrations must be accompanied by the publisher’s and author’s permissions. Every illustration should be in black and white.

9. Statistical Analysis: the authors must demonstrate that the statistical procedures used were not only appropriate to test the hypotheses of the study, but also correctly interpreted. The levels of statistical significance (e.g., p <0.05, p <0.01, p <0.001) should be mentioned.

10. Abbreviations and Acronyms: must be preceded by the full name when first mentioned. In the legends of tables and figures they should be followed by its full name. When they are present in tables and figures, abbreviations and acronyms should be with their meanings in subtitles. They should not be used in the title and abstract.

11. Units: values of physical quantities should be referred to following the standards of the International System of Units, available at:


_____________________________, _____  _____________ 201__.
(City, day, month, year)


I, _____________________________________ (full name) __________ (profession), identity card RG no. ______________, declare that the article entitled _______________________________________________________, to be published in the REVISTA CEFAC - Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences and Education Journal was proofread by me. Thus, I certify the quality of the writing of the manuscript.






_____________________________, _____  _____________ 201__.
(City, day, month, year)


I, _____________________________________ (full name) __________ (profession), identity card RG no. ______________, declare that the article entitled _______________________________________________________, to be published in the REVISTA CEFAC - Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences and Education Journal, was proofread by me. Thus, I certify the correspondence between the Portuguese and English versions as well as the quality of the writing of the manuscript.




 Sending manuscript for submission

Documents must be sent toTHE CEFAC JOURNAL - Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences and Education Journal, electronically at the following website:;, in an attached Word file.

 Receipt confirmation, contacts, and any other correspondence must be sent to the Journal through e-mail.



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Revista CEFAC - Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences and Education Journal - ISSN 1516-1846 - Revista eletrônica: ISSN: 1982-0216